Good breeding takes time. The University of Minnesota has been breeding cold-hardy, disease resistant plants for over 125 years. In that time, over 400 varieties have been released including apples, grapes, trees, flowers, and grasses. Today, University plant scientists and breeders are able to combine traditional breeding techniques with cutting-edge technology allowing them to use data and genomics not available to researchers in the past. Below, we have highlighted several current research projects and new varieties developed by U of M plant breeders.

'Itasca' Joins List of Released Cold-Hardy Wine Grapes

Itasca wine grape.'Itasca' becomes fifth wine grape released by the University's grape breeding program. It is the first cold-hardy variety with low enough acidity to produce dry white wines.

Two New Azaleas Join the 'Lights' Series


Electric Lights Double Pink and Electric Lights Red azaleas.

'Electric Lights Double Pink' and 'Electric Lights Red' azaleas are the newest members of the 'Lights' series and the first new azalea releases in nearly 15 years. Electric Lights Red is the long-awaited first red azalea released by the University.

True North™ Kentucky Coffeetree


'Stately Manor' Kentucky Coffeetree.New introduction True North™ Kentucky coffeetree offers a narrow, upright form making them suitable replacements for ash in Minnesota. Research has shown it to be easier to propagate compared to other Kentucky coffeetrees.

Pink Popcorn® Blueberry

Pink Popcorn™ Blueberry.

Pink Popcorn® (aka MNPink1 cultivar) is the first pink blueberry introduced by the University. Truly pink-fruited blueberries, with the sweet taste and satisfying crispness of the best of the blues, are a culinary novelty. 

Working for Bees

Marla Spivak with bees.

In the winter of 2006, the honey bee population began to suffer steep declines. Since then, an average of 30% of all honey bee colonies die every winter. Beekeepers struggle to replace losses. U of M researchers are hard at work studying the causes and looking for solutions that will save the honey bee.

New Focus on Hops

Charlie Rowler with hops.Over the last decade there has been a dramatic revival in beer brewing throughout the eastern U.S. Local craft and microbrewers are in need of new hops varieties. The U responded to this demand by starting a hops research program in 2010 and a breeding program in 2012.

Summer Cascade Wisteria

Summer Cascade wisteria.

The reliably cold-hardy ‘Summer Cascade’ wisteria was bred from a hardy strain of Kentucky wisteria and first known as ‘Betty Matthews,’ after a White Bear Lake resident in whose yard it grew. 

 

Apple Breeding Video

David Bedford pollinating apple blossoms.U of M apple breeders, Jim Luby and David Bedford, describe the University’s apple breeding program and how they are incorporating both new and old techniques to help discover the next U of M release.

Apple Breeding: History and Cold Hardy Expertise


David Bedford with Frostbite Apple.The University of Minnesota is known worldwide for its expertise in cold hardy variety research. For over a century, dedicated U of M researchers and fruit breeders have persevered in the development of hardy, high-quality apples that can thrive in harsh conditions of extremely cold winters and hot, dry summers.

Grape Breeding: History and Cold Hardy Expertise

Marquette wine grape.The University of Minnesota formally initiated a breeding program for wine grapes in the mid-1980's. In 2000, we completed a state-of-the-art enology lab and research winery. Today, we're recognized as one of the top wine grape programs in the United States.

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